Added: Abelina Bortz - Date: 25.03.2022 02:47 - Views: 22658 - Clicks: 5726
Today almost all European countries allow abortion on request or on broad social grounds and only a very small minority maintain highly restrictive laws prohibiting abortion in almost all circumstances. Similarly, a broad range of European countries continue to enact reforms to remove harmful procedural and regulatory barriers that often impede access to legal abortion. The standard practice across Europe is to legalize abortion on request or broad social grounds, at least in the first trimester of pregnancy.
In the European Union EU almost every country has legalized abortion on request or broad social grounds. Poland and Malta are the only EU member states that have not yet reformed their highly restrictive laws. Across the European region as a whole, 41 of 47 countries have legalized abortion on request or broad social grounds.
Abortion on request means that doctors or other professionals are not required to attest to, or certify, the existence of a particular reason or justification for the abortion. This means that the ultimate decision on whether to continue or end a pregnancy belongs to the pregnant woman. In a small of European countries that allow abortion on request women may need to specify that they are in a state of distress about the pregnancy. Only six European countries retain highly restrictive abortion laws and do not permit abortion on request or on broad social grounds.
Legal reform processes which may lead to the liberalization of laws in Monaco and the UK jurisdictions of Gibraltar and Northern Ireland are currently underway or slated for — The standard practice across Europe is to not impose time limits on these reason-based grounds.
A of European countries have enacted reforms to extend the time limits for access to abortion on request or broad social grounds. These reforms recognize that although most abortions in Europe take place during the first trimester of pregnancy, short time limits can have harmful impacts on women who seek abortion care after the relevant time limit. A of European countries that have legalized abortion on request or broad social grounds maintain a range of procedural and regulatory barriers that impede access to abortion care in practice.
Some countries are taking steps to eradicate these barriers. The Danish jurisdiction of the Faroe Islands does not allow abortion on request. The Faroe Islands only permit abortion in situations of risk to health or life or severe fetal impairments, when the pregnancy from sexual assault, or if the pregnant woman is unable to take care of owing to severe mental or physical challenges.
The applicable law on abortion differs in different jurisdictions within the UK. However Northern Ireland and Gibraltar currently maintain highly restrictive laws that prohibit abortion in almost all circumstances. Potential reforms in both jurisdictions are slated for — Albania, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland. On request means that a woman can request an abortion and it can be performed legally without requiring medical practitioners to certify the existence of a specific reason.
Laws usually impose time limits on this ground. In a small of these countries, women may need to state that they are in a state of distress about the pregnancy. Mandatory waiting periods and mandatory counseling requirements are usually only applicable to abortion on request. The Center for Reproductive Rights submits these written comments pursuant to leave granted by the President of the Chamber The most up-to-date news on reproductive rights, delivered straight to you.
Center for Reproductive Rights - search logo. Andorra, Malta and San Marino do not allow abortion at all. Criminalization: Some countries in Europe that have legalized abortion on request or broad social grounds nonetheless maintain specific criminal sanctions for abortions performed outside of the scope of applicable legal provisions. In a small of countries laws still retain criminal penalties for women who obtain abortion care in contravention of legal rules. However more commonly laws specify that criminal sanctions, which can range from fines to prison sentences, apply to medical professionals or others who assist women to obtain illegal abortion care.
Time limits: In some European countries short time limits for access to abortion on request can have harmful impacts on women and may impede them from obtaining the health care they need. When applied in a restrictive manner short time limits can be particularly harmful for adolescent girls and women belonging to marginalized communities who may not always be able to obtain care within the legal timeframe. This may result in women needing to travel to other jurisdictions to access legal abortion or accessing abortion care at home outside of the scope of the law and under threat of criminal prosecution.
Mandatory Waiting Periods for Abortion on Request: Laws in 16 European countries still require a mandatory time period to elapse between the date on which an abortion is first requested and the date on which it takes place. The WHO specifies that laws should not impose these medically unnecessary delays.
Mandatory Counseling: Laws in 13 European countries require women to undergo mandatory counselling or receive mandatory information from their doctors prior to abortion. The WHO advises that counselling prior to abortion should never be mandatory and that provision of information about abortion should always be unbiased, non-directive and medically accurate.
Distress Requirements: In a small of European countries that have legalized abortion on request, women are still required to explain that they are seeking an abortion because of their social or family circumstances or because continuing the pregnancy would cause them distress. In recent years France and Belgium adopted reforms to remove ly existing distress requirements. Third Party Authorization Procedures: Some countries in Europe require prior permission from parents, Man seeking woman Liechtenstein, doctors or official committees before women can access abortion care.
In some instances, these procedures disproportionately impact adolescent girls, women with disabilities, women living in poverty and women belonging to marginalized communities. For example, parental consent requirements may often undermine the human rights of adolescent girls and may place them at risk. For example, in Italy state authorities are failing to ensure that these refusals do not result in delays or denial of care for women seeking legal abortion care. In some countries they have involved attempts to completely ban abortion or to remove existing legal grounds for abortion.
For example, Poland has witnessed repeated attempts to restrict its already highly restrictive law. At times they have led to the introduction of new regressive preconditions that women must fulfil prior to obtaining abortion care—including undergoing mandatory biased counseling and observing mandatory waiting periods. Related Posts. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Man seeking woman Liechtenstein site uses necessary, analytics and social media cookies to improve your experience and deliver targeted advertising. Manage consent.
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